Fire Prevention and Safety News and Resources for U.S. Fire Administration
Super Bowl 50’s line up has been set. Many people will tune in to the match up or maybe tune in for the commercials. Here are cooking safety tips you can share to help people celebrate safely.
Getting your Super Bowl game face on? Score more points this year by putting kitchen fire safety in your line up
Super Bowl Sunday is the USA’s second biggest day for food consumption. That means a lot of time spent planning and preparing game day snacks. Before you kick off your menu, take a look at these tips for safer cooking.
Prepare your cooking area. Use back burners or turn pot handles toward the back of the stove. Move things that can burn away from the stove. Keep a timer handy and use it when you’re roasting or baking.
Frying poses the greatest risk of fire. Keep an eye on what you fry. Start with a small amount of oil and heat it slowly. If you see smoke or if the grease starts to boil in your pan, turn the burner off. Even a small amount of oil on a hot burner can start a fire.
Stay awake and alert while you’re cooking. Stand by your pan. If you leave the kitchen, turn the burner off. Keep a large pan lid or baking sheet nearby in case you need to smother a pan fire.
Prevent burns when you’re cooking. Wear short sleeves, or roll them up. Don’t lean over the burner. Use potholders and oven mitts to handle hot or steaming cookware.
Children need constant adult supervision. If you have young children in the home, keep them three feet from anything that can get hot, including the stove. Put hot objects and liquids beyond a child’s reach so they can’t touch or pull them down. Never hold a child when you cook.
Keep safety in mind when serving on game day too. If you burn candles, position them out of reach of children and away from anything that can burn. Consider using flameless candles that are lit by battery power instead. Food warmers and slow cookers get hot. Place them toward the back of the serving table so they won’t get knocked off. Provide hot pads to prevent burns. Light the chafing dish fuel can after it is placed under the warmer. Make sure nothing comes in contact with the flame. If young children are in your home, supervise them and keep matches and lighters locked away.
Public Service Announcement
Winter Weather Safety
Provided by your
Local Emergency Management Office
Winter Weather Safety Tips
Everyone is potentially at risk during winter storms. Most fatalities are indirectly related to the storm. People die from traffic accidents on icy roads, heart attacks while shoveling snow, and hypothermia from prolonged exposure to cold and unsafe residential conditions.
Be prepared for winter weather! Listen to NOAA weather radio or commercial radio/television to stay informed about winter storm watches, warnings and advisories.
At home and work, plan ahead for winter storms by having these on hand:
Flashlight and extra batteries
Battery-backup powered NOAA weather radio
Extra food and water – high energy food such as dried fruit, nuts and granola bars, and food requiring no cooking or refrigeration
Extra medicine and baby supplies
First aid kit
Emergency heat source
Make sure pets have plenty of food, water, and shelter
If you are already indoor during hazardous winter weather:
When using alternate heat from a fireplace, wood stove, space heater, etc., use fire safeguards and properly ventilate
Close off unneeded rooms
Stuff towels or rags in cracks under doors
Cover windows at night
Eat and drink – food provides the body with energy for producing its own heat
Wear layers of loose-fitting, lightweight, warm clothing.
The best advice for traveling during forecasted winter conditions is; “simply stay at home”. Only travel if necessary. However, if you must:
Before starting out in a vehicle:
Plan your travel
Check the weather
Have road condition phone numbers handy
Carry a Winter Storm Survival Kit
Keep the gas tank near full to avoid ice in the tank and fuel lines
Avoid traveling alone
Let some know your timetable and route
If you are stranded in your vehicle during hazardous winter weather:
Stay with your vehicle
Take turns sleeping
Run the motor every hour for 10 minutes to keep warm
Keep windows open a little to prevent carbon monoxide buildup
Make sure the exhaust pipe is not blocked
Tie a bright cloth to the antenna
Exercise periodically by vigorously moving your arms, legs, toes and fingers
Turn on dome light while the engine is running to aid rescuers at night
After the snow stops falling, raise the car hood to indicate you need help
A good automobile Winter Safety Kit includes: cell phone and charger, blankets or sleeping bags, flashlight and extra batteries, first-aid kit, knife, whistle, high-calorie non-perishable food, bottled water, extra clothing to keep dry, large empty can to use as emergency toilet, tissues and paper towels, small can and waterproof matches to melt snow for drinking water, sack of sand or cat litter for traction, shovel, windshield scraper and brush, tool kit, tow rope, battery booster cables, water container, compass and road maps. If stranded, a deck of cards can help keep both children and adults occupied until help arrives. Most of these items can be stored in a duffle bag and placed in the vehicle’s truck.
Dress for the storm if you must be outdoors during severe winter weather:
Wear loose, lightweight, warm clothes in layers
Remove layers to avoid perspiration and subsequent chill
Outer garments should be tightly woven, water repellent, and hooded
Wear a hat – half your body heat loss can be from the head
Cover your mouth to protect your lungs from extreme cold
Mittens, snug at the wrist, are better than gloves
Try to stay dry
If you are caught outdoors during hazardous winter weather:
DO NOT PANIC
Try to stay dry
Cover all exposed body parts
Build shelter: a lean-to, windbreak or snow cave for protection from the wind
Build a fire for heat and to attract attention
Place rocks around fire to absorb and reflect heat
Melt snow for drinking water – eating snow will lower your body temperature
Avoid overexertion – especially when shoveling or freeing stuck vehicles
Experts suggest staying put and allow rescuers to locate you
STAY SAFE: Being prepared for winter weather (just like all weather) starts at home. "BE AWARE – BE PREPARED”.
Tornado Safety Tips
Have a plan.
Purchase a NOAA Weather Radio
Have a disaster kit.
Check weather conditions thru local media often.
Roger Edwards, Storm Prediction Center, Norman, Oklahoma
There is no such thing as guaranteed safety inside a tornado. Prevention and practice before the storm: At home, have a family tornado plan in place, based on the kind of dwelling you live in and the safety tips below.
Know where you can take shelter in a matter of seconds, and practice a family tornado drill at least once a year. Have a pre-determined place to meet after a disaster. Flying debris is the greatest danger in tornadoes; so store protective coverings (e.g., mattress, sleeping bags, thick blankets, etc) in or next to your shelter space, ready to use on a few seconds' notice. When a tornado watch is issued, think about the drill and check to make sure all your safety supplies are handy. Turn on local TV, radio or NOAA Weather Radio and stay alert for warnings. Forget about the old notion of opening windows to equalize pressure; the tornado will blast open the windows for you! If you shop frequently at certain stores, learn where there are bathrooms, storage rooms or other interior shelter areas away from windows, and the shortest ways to get there. All administrators of schools, shopping centers, nursing homes, hospitals, sports arenas, stadiums, mobile home communities and offices should have a tornado safety plan in place, with easy-to-read signs posted to direct everyone to a safe, close-by shelter area. Schools and office building managers should regularly run well-coordinated drills. If you are planning to build a house, consider an underground tornado shelter or an interior "safe room".
Know the signs of a tornado
Weather forecasting science is not perfect and some tornadoes do occur without a tornado warning. There is no substitute for staying alert to the sky. Besides an obviously visible tornado, here are some things to look and listen for:
Ý Strong, persistent rotation in the cloud base.
Ý Whirling dust or debris on the ground under a cloud base -- tornadoes sometimes have no funnel!
Ý Hail or heavy rain followed by either dead calm or a fast, intense wind shift. Many tornadoes are wrapped in heavy precipitation and can't be seen.
Ý Day or night - Loud, continuous roar or rumble, this doesn’t fade in a few seconds like thunder
Ý Night - Small, bright, blue-green to white flashes at ground level near a thunderstorm (as opposed to silvery lightning up in the clouds). These mean power lines are being snapped by very strong wind, maybe a tornado.
Ý Night - Persistent lowering from the cloud base, illuminated or silhouetted by lightning -- especially if it is on the ground or there is a blue-green-white power flash underneath.
WHAT TO DO
In a house with a basement: Avoid windows. Get in the basement and under some kind of sturdy protection (heavy table or work bench), or cover yourself with a mattress or sleeping bag. Know where very heavy objects rest on the floor above (pianos, refrigerators, waterbeds, etc.) and do not go under them. They may fall down through a weakened floor and crush you.
In a house with no basement, a dorm, or an apartment: Avoid windows. Go to the lowest floor, small center room (like a bathroom or closet), under a stairwell, or in an interior hallway with no windows. Crouch as low as possible to the floor, facing down; and cover your head with your hands. A bathtub may offer a shell of partial protection. Even in an interior room, you should cover yourself with some sort of thick padding (mattress, blankets, etc.), to protect against falling debris in case the roof and ceiling fail.
In an office building, hospital, nursing home or skyscraper: Go directly to an enclosed, windowless area in the center of the building -- away from glass. Then, crouch down and cover your head. Interior stairwells are usually good places to take shelter, and if not crowded, allow you to get to a lower level quickly. Stay off the elevators; you could be trapped in them if the power is lost.
In a mobile home: Get out! Even if your home is tied down, you are probably safer outside, even if the only alternative is to seek shelter out in the open. Most tornadoes can destroy even tied-down mobile homes; and it is best not to play the low odds that yours will make it. If your community has a tornado shelter, go there fast. If there is a sturdy permanent building within easy running distance, seek shelter there. Otherwise, lie flat on low ground away from your home, protecting your head. If possible, use open ground away from trees and cars, which can be blown onto you.
At school: Follow the drill! Go to the interior hall or room in an orderly way as you are told. Crouch low, head down, and protect the back of your head with your arms. Stay away from windows and large open rooms like gyms and auditoriums.
In a car or truck: Vehicles are extremely dangerous in a tornado. If the tornado is visible, far away, and the traffic is light, you may be able to drive out of its path by moving at right angles to the tornado. Otherwise, park the car as quickly and safely as possible -- out of the traffic lanes. Get out and seek shelter in a sturdy building. If in the open country, run to low ground away from any cars (which may roll over on you). Lie flat and facedown, protecting the back of your head with your arms. Avoid seeking shelter under bridges, which can create deadly traffic hazards while offering little protection against flying debris.
In the open outdoors: If possible, seek shelter in a sturdy building. If not, lie flat and facedown on low ground, protecting the back of your head with your arms. Get as far away from trees and cars as you can; they may be blown onto you in a tornado.
In a shopping mall or large store: Do not panic. Watch for others. Move as quickly as possible to an interior bathroom, storage room or other small-enclosed area, away from windows.
In a church or theater: Do not panic. If possible, move quickly but orderly to an interior bathroom or hallway, away from windows. Crouch facedown and protect your head with your arms. If there is no time to do that, get under the seats or pews, protecting your head with your arms or hands.
AFTER THE TORNADO
Keep your family together and wait for emergency personnel to arrive. Carefully render aid to those who are injured. Stay away from power lines and puddles with wires in them; they may still be carrying electricity! Watch your step to avoid broken glass, nails, and other sharp objects. Stay out of any heavily damaged houses or buildings; they could collapse at any time. Do not use matches or lighters, in case of leaking natural gas pipes or fuel tanks nearby. Remain calm and alert, and listen for information and instructions from emergency crews or local officials.